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Political cooperation


Political cooperation

Republic of Iraq
Main figures:
Capital: Baghdad
Area: 438.317 km2
Population: 36 millions
President of the Republic: Fu'ad Ma'sum (Patriotic Union of Kurdistan), elected on July 24, 2014
Prime Minister: Haydar Al-Abadi (Islamic Dawa Party), elected on August 11, 2014


On January 2015, Iraqi Government succeeded in approving the budget for an amount of $102,6 billion, after the failure in 2014.

The approved budget provided for an annual deficit for an amount of $22 billion. This deficit grew systematically as the military expenditure for fighting Daesh rose and the oil barrel price fell, more than expected at the beginning of the year. The Government intensified its efforts to cover the deficit with international funding.

The conquest of Tikrit by the Iraqi Security Forces in April, the rise of oil prices and the recovery of the productive capacity of Basra oil terminal in May seemed to strengthen the Abadi Government. Nevertheless, the fall of Ramadi, capital of Anbar Province, the decrease of the oil price between June and July and the contrasts with the Kurdistan Region for the missed amount due by the “Oil for revenues” agreement signed in September jeopardise the Government position.

In addition to the budget and military problems, social turmoil broke up: several demonstrations arose across the country against the missed payment of public wages, against the increase in taxes and custom tariffs. The beginning of the summer and the hot weather made the lack of electricity emerge, leading to protests against the Government and the widespread corruption of the public officers. Ayatollah al-Sistani, the highest religious Shia authority, stood alongside demonstrators. Public pressures for credible reforms that cut on money wasting and eradicate corruption were embraced by Abadi who presented to the Parliament an ambitious reforms package. The reforms were unanimously approved by the Parliament. Within the most important measures are: the abolition of the three Deputy Presidents of the Republic and the three Deputy Presidents of the Council of Ministers, the reduction of the public officers guards, the rationalization of the Ministries and the institution of the Anti-corruption National Council that will investigate on how the public funds are employed.

If on the one hand, Abadi’s efforts against corruption and disruptions guaranteed him public support, on the other hand they seem to overshadow the unfavourable developments of the military campaign against Daesh: the Mosul liberation plan – absolute priority of the Government at the beginning of the year – is still far from its implementation phase while the liberation of Ramadi is slowing down because of the stiff opposition of the terrorist militias.

In mid-August, the special report on political and military responsibility for the fall of Mosul was released. Some of the people indicated as responsible were the former Army Chief of Staff Babakir, the former Governor Nujaifi and the former Prime Minister Al-Maliki, charged with having underestimated the extent of the threat and with not having organized the city’s contingent plan of defence.

The request to put Maliki and the other responsible on trial may add further instability to the precarious Iraqi political balance, since the former PM has a strong leverage within Iraqi Shiite Islam and the Iranian political support.